KTH pioneers in treating blindness in premature babies
PESHAWAR: Department of Ophthalmology MTI Khyber Teaching Hospital has become pioneer in treating blindness in in premature babies under the Screening and Management Program of Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP).
ROP is an eye disease that happens in premature babies. It causes abnormal blood vessels to grow in the retina and can lead to blindness, says a press release issued here on Monday.
It said some cases of ROP are mild and correct themselves but others progress to scarring pulling the retina away from the rest of the eye. These cases need treatment to prevent vision loss or blindness. ROP treatment stops the growth of abnormal blood vessels.
There are screening and management programs for ROP all over the world but no program existed in the whole Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.
According to Pakistan ROP guidelines all premature babies with gestational age less than 35 weeks and birth weight less than 2000 grams who are given oxygen in Nursery or Neonatal Intensive Care Unit need to be screened around one month postnatal for ROP by an experienced Ophthalmologist.
Dr Akhunzada Muhammad Aftab has started screening services for ROP for babies born at Khyber Teaching Hospital since September 2019 and treats them with intravitreal anti VEGF injections and laser treatment. Dr Aftab is assisted in screening and managing ROP babies by Dr Nazli Gul. – APP